Health & Ayurveda
Optimal Health as conceived in Ayurveda is a perfect balance of body, mind and soul. Perfectly Healthy or “Swastha” is a state of equilibrium of the Doshas, Agni (metabolic fire), function of Dhatu (body tissues), Malas (excretory waste products) along with cheerful mind, intellect and senses. Any disturbance in this equilibrium due to internal or external factors lead to a diseased state. As Sushruta describes
“SAMDOSHA SAMAGNISCHA SAMDHATU MALKRIYA. PRASANNA AATMA INDRIYA MANA SWASTHA ITI ABHIDHIYATE''
Human mind has three components (triguna) i.e. sattva (pure state of mind), raja (passion/ desire) and tama (inertia/ ignorance), which interact with the biological components vata, pitta & kapha and decide the psychosomatic constitution of an individual (prakriti) at the time of conception.
Ayurveda emphasizes that psychosomatic constitution (Prakriti), which is peculiar to every individual, is responsible for the health or disease pattern in the individual.
The treatment in Ayurveda system is holistic and individualized in nature mainly:-
Swasthasya Swastha Rakhanam, Aaturachavikarprashmanam cha
It bears two components i.e., Preventive and Curative.
The preventive aspect of Ayurveda includes personal hygiene, regular exercise, daily & seasonal regime and appropriate social behavior whereas the curative treatment consists of three major constituents, Ahara (diet), Vihara (lifestyle) and Oushadha (medication).
The ideal treatment according to Ayurveda is one, which cures the disease without causing adverse effect. The rational ayurveda treatment is carried out in any or all four components or Arm. They are (1) Dosha pacifying therapy (samsamana), and (2) Bio-cleansing therapy (samsodhana or panchakarma) (3) Avoiding causative factors (nidana parivarjana) and (4) Dietetics (pathya vyavastha).